Balah el Sham (Arabic mini Churros)

Growing up this was a dessert that my mother made quite often when we asked for dessert in the afternoon, as it is pretty fast and very easy to make. You can say that it is one of those recipes that call for a few ingredients. And to understand the meaning of the name, Balah means dates and Sham is what people call Syria, however it used to mean the whole Levant area, hence the name means the Levantine dates.

Even though I never saw my grandmother making it, in fact I can’t recall her making sweets at all. But the base of this recipe was passed on from my grandma to my mom, who also had these infinite times as a kid as well. Anyway, the first time I tried making it, I was not satisfied with the results at the beginning and mom also confirmed that whatever we made was not even close to what my grandma used to make. I then tried to confirm the recipe with my aunt and found out that she has the same recipe, yet she also said that recently whenever she makes it, it simply won’t taste the same as whatever they had as kids.

Well here I have to say that my grandma was not one of those chefs ( yes I would refer to her as a chef, even if she didn’t work in a commercial kitchen) who would not share the complete recipe with you or hide any details and not from her daughters for sure. But working in the kitchen I know that sometimes a chef tends to forget to share a step or two not because he/she is hiding it, but because he/she might think that it is such a basic thing that is very obvious and would assume that everyone knows about it.

After doing my share of research and after a couple of trials, I ended up with this recipe that I am sharing today. If you would check some recipes online you would find out that many of those have very similar ingredients, yet I found out that the secret to perfecting these is not in the ingredients only, but in the method itself. This could be proof that Salma (grandma) did not hide anything from her daughters, however, she might have assumed that her daughters already knew the secret way as they have always seen her doing it for them.  

Go ahead and prepare the sugar syrup as early as possible; a day ahead would be recommended. This has a major effect as the syrup should not be even warm, it must be fridge-cold. To prepare the sugar syrup, place the sugar and water in a heavy bottom pot and place it on a medium heat. Once the sugar melts and the syrup start to boil, add in the lemon juice. The lemon juice is used just so the syrup would not crystallize.

Mix the flour with the cornstarch (helps make it super crunchy) and baking powder and sift it.

To start with, place the water in a heavy bottom pot or a pan on a medium heat, add in the ghee and the vanilla extract. Once the ghee melts add in the sieved flour mixture. Here you will need to be quick and start mixing with a spatula, you will keep mixing till it starts to form a dough-like texture and will not stick to the sides. Then, add in the salt and the milk powder. Make sure it is fully incorporated. The reason that we do not add the milk powder from the beginning is that the milk powder if added would start to caramelize and form a layer on the dough even before making sure that the flour is well mixed and cooked enough.

Remove the dough and place it in a stand mixer bowl. Now using a paddle attachment mix in the eggs. Here is another secret step that is very essential for the right texture. You should mix the dough for 2 minutes or so just to make sure that the egg is mixed in, never go on at full speed. The texture of Balah should be crispy from the outside and soft from the inside but it should not be hollow in the center. Even if you don’t have an Electric mixer go ahead and use a wooden spoon or a rubber spatula and mix it. Make sure some air is incorporated, but as I mentioned earlier it should not be over-mixed. Basically, with no mixing you get a thick dough that would not puff much and would not absorb the syrup, and too much mixing means you get a hollow Balah that has no flavour at all.

 Place the mixture in a piping bag and use a star piping nozzle.

For deep-frying now, I would suggest using a wide pot or a casserole as you would not need a lot of oil for frying, hence you would be able to fry more Balah at the same time.   

Now comes the main secret in this, make sure your oil is cold when you pipe in the mixture. No kidding, the oil must be cold, otherwise the dough won’t puff and would not have that perfect shape. To pipe the mixture in, you will need scissors as well to cut the small pieces. Wet the scissors with oil and keep squeezing on the piping bag, make sure you maintain the same pressure for you to get an equal size balah it should not be thick at one part and thin at the other. This also could be tricky but remember to maintain the pressure and once the desired length is already piped cut it with the scissors but do not stop squeezing.

On medium heat start frying the Balah, make sure not to touch it or try to move it till it floats to the surface, as before the dough would be too soft and you would ruin the shape of the Balah. If you suspect that the Balah is sticking, simply give the pot a gentle shake. Fry till it has a golden colour. Remove from oil and place on a kitchen towel to remove excess oil. Finally, while still hot place it in the cold sugar syrup, leave it for a couple of minutes and then the Balah is ready to be served.

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5 from 1 vote

Balah el Sham (Arabic mini churros)

These Arabic fritters are irresistible. Crunchy from the outside and airy from the inside, you won’t be able to stop at one.
Course Dessert
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 40 minutes
Resting time 10 minutes
Total Time 55 minutes
Author Khaled



  • 200 ml water
  • 20 g ghee or butter
  • 5 g vanilla extract
  • 150 g flour
  • 50 g corn starch
  • 50 g milk powder
  • 3 eggs
  • 2 g baking powder
  • 2 g salt
  • Oil for frying

Sugar syrup

  • 500 g sugar
  • 250 ml water
  • 5 ml lemon juice


To make the sugar syrup (can be prepared up to 3 days ahead and preferably one day ahead)

  • Place the sugar and water in a heavy bottom saucepan. Set on the stove top on medium heat.
  • Bring to a boil, then add the lemon juice.
  • Simmer for 10 minutes.
  • Cool in the fridge before adding the fritters.

To make the dough

  • Mix the flour, corn starch and baking powder in a bowl and sift.
  • In a medium sauce pan, on a medium heat, add water, ghee and vanilla extract and bring to a gentle boil.
  • Add flour mixture all at once, and stir quickly until well combined, has a dough like texture and is no longer sticking to the pan.
  • Add salt and milk powder and mix thoroughly.
  • Transfer to a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment. With the mixer on, start adding one egg at a time. Make sure each egg is fully incorporated, before adding the next one.
  • Transfer to mixture to a piping bag, fitted with a star nozzle.
  • Place oil in a large pan (the bigger the more fritters you can fry at once), and start piping the dough directly in the oil, into 5 cm logs and cut through with the scissors. Keep a steady pressure and continue piping until the pan is full or you run out of dough.
  • Fry on medium heat until golden brown.
  • Remove from oil and place on kitchen towels to remove excess oil then transfer directly to the cold syrup.
  • Let the fritters sit in the syrup for 5 minutes before serving.


Best eaten within 6 hours of frying. Do not be tempted to fry the second batch in the hot oil, make sure you cool down the oil before. Here, you would not need to cool it down completely but not boiling hot oil.

7 thoughts on “Balah el Sham (Arabic mini Churros)”

  1. Thank you for the amazing recipe and the mouthwatering photos! My kids happened to be sitting next to me while I was reading your blog and they said that this looks so delicious and have been asking me to try the recipe for them! I do not however have powdered milk, can I replace it with regular milk?
    Thank you.

    1. Thank you very much Afaf!
      Really glad that you liked the recipe. Milk powder has a distinctive flavor and adds richness to the Balah, however, if you can not find it in your local store then just replace half of the quantity of water with fresh milk.

      Looking forward to hearing from you once you have tried it !!


      1. Thank you so much Khaled for your reply. I tried it today and I substituted the powdered milk with regular milk, and OMG I can’t describe how delicious these taste! The kids love them. I will be making this more often for sure. Thanks again!

          1. Hello Marwa,

            Thank you for stopping by. When it comes to desserts I always prefer to use a scale to make sure you get a perfect result every time, however here are my conversions in cups and spoons.
            Water – 3/4 cup + 1 tbsp
            Ghee – 1.5 tbspoon
            Vanilla extract – 1 tsp
            Flour – 1 cup
            Corn starch – 1/3 cup
            Milk powder – 1/3 cup
            eggs – 3
            baking powder – 1/2 tsp
            salt – 1/2 tsp
            Sugar syrup is 2-1 sugar2 – water 1
            Hope this helps.


    1. Hi Lobna,
      Balah el sham is at its best when consumed fresh, retaining its delightful crunchiness.
      Although it tends to lose its crispness over time, you can store them in an airtight container for up to a day or two in a dry area.

      Hope this helps,

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